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Inherited characteristics play a larger role in shaping personality

14. Most personality theorists argue that heredity plays no role in the of development of characteristics and only environmental forces determine personality characteristics.

ANS: F

Personality theorists argue that heredity sets limits on the range of development of characteristics and that within this range environmental forces determine personality characteristics.

15. Some studies of twins suggest that as much as 50 percent to 55 percent of personality traits may be inherited.

ANS: T

16. Inherited characteristics play a larger role in shaping personality than does the environment.

ANS: F

Many behavioral experts still believe that the environment plays a larger role in shaping personality than do inherited characteristics.

17. Aspects of the environment that influence personality formation include culture, family, group membership, and life experiences.

ANS: T 

18. Culture helps to determine broad patterns of behavioral similarity among people, but differences in behavior usually exist among individuals within a culture.

ANS: T

19. One of the most serious errors that managers can make is to assume that their subordinates are just like themselves in terms of societal values, personality, or any other individual difference.

ANS: T

20. Managers and employees raised in the same culture will not necessarily have the same values, since not all individuals respond to cultural influences equally.

ANS: T
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