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77. According to the expectancy model, a reprimand
would be an example of which of the following?
a.

firstlevel outcome

b.

instrumentality

c.

auxiliary outcome

d.

secondlevel outcome

ANS: D
78. According
to the expectancy model, the perceived relationship between effort and
performance is:
a.

instrumentality

b.

valence

c.

expectancy

d.

secondlevel outcome

ANS: C
79. Expectancy
can have a value of:
a.

zero to minus 1

b.

minus 1 to zero

c.

zero to plus 1

d.

minus 1 to plus 1

ANS: C
80. John
(his stage name as a musician) is certain that if he works hard, he will have a
hit record. In this case, the value of John’ expectancy would be:
a.

plus 1

b.

0.5

c.

zero

d.

minus 1
