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What Kurt Lewin's approach is called

50. An example of organizational resistance to change is:
a.
threats to power and influence
b.
economic reasons
c.
interorganizational agreements
d.
fear of the unknown


ANS:  C         

   51.   Houston Equipment Company has seen a dramatic increase in orders, which it expects will continue indefinitely. Management would like to eliminate overtime and add a third shift, so the plant could be utilized 24 hours a day. However, influential leaders and members of the union have been arguing against the change. The union workers do not want to work a midnight shift. They prefer earning overtime pay to hiring more workers. A vote by union members is scheduled to occur in one month. According to the union contract, the change cannot be made without a majority vote of approval by the union. The source of resistance to change in this example could be best characterized as:
a.
resource limitations
b.
interorganizational agreements
c.
organization culture
d.
organization design


ANS:  B         

   52.   Kurt Lewin's approach, called ____, proposes that any situation can be considered to be in a state of equilibrium resulting from a balance of forces constantly pushing against each other.
a.
planned organizational change
b.
the systems model of change
c.
force field analysis
d.
equilibrium analysis


ANS:    C         
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